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Near Eastern Archaeology

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ABZU
Abzu is an experimental guide to the rapidly increasing, and widely distributed data relevant to the study and public presentation of the Ancient Near East via the Internet.

Al Mashriq - The Levant Cultural MultiMedia Servers

American Oriental Society
The Society was founded in 1842, preceded only by such distinguished organizations of general scope as the American Philosophical Society (1743), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1780), and the American Antiquarian Society (1812). From the beginning its aims have been humanistic. The encouragement of basic research in the languages and literatures of Asia has always been central in its tradition. This tradition has come to include such subjects as philology, literary criticism, textual criticism, paleography, epigraphy, linguistics, biography, archaeology, and the history of the intellectual and imaginative aspects of Oriental civilizations, especially of philosophy, religion, folklore and art.

American Oriental Society - News Pages

American Schools of Oriental Research
The American Schools of Oriental Research's U.S. based coordination center, its publications program and its affiliated overseas centers in the Middle East have been in the forefront of American research efforts and publications related to these efforts since 1900. The main object of Schools is to enable properly qualified persons to pursue biblical, linguistic, archaeological, historical, and other kindred studies and researches under more favorable conditions than can be secured at a distance from the Holy Land.

ANE [Ancient Near East]-List
ANE is a mailing list on topics and issues of interest in Ancient Near Eastern Studies, from the Indus to the Nile, and from the beginnings of human habitation to the rise of Islam. It is intended to provide a medium for discussion among scholars and students actively engaged in research and study of this broad field. Subscription is open and unmoderated.

Annual Egyptological Bibliography
The AEB is published by the International Association of Egyptologists in cooperation with the Netherlands Institute for the Near East.  The contents of the most recent volumes, AEB 1992-1994, are available for on-line browsing.

Archaeological Survey in the Eastern Desert of Egypt
Report of the University of Michigan/University of Asiut Project to the Egyptian Antiquities Organization.

Arthur M. Sackler Gallery: Preserving ancient statues from Jordan
The Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery are the two national museums of Asian art at the Smithsonian Institution.

Bakhtiari Archaeological Finds
The high mountains of the Bakhtiari country were largely left out of the archeological equation despite their proximity to the heartland of Mesopotamian and Elamite civilization. Work in the region indicated the long settlement history of these mountains. The region was utilized probably as early as the Middle Paleolithic and certainly by the Upper/Epi-paleolithic. The region experienced a unique Neolithic experience, exemplified by finds at Qal'e Rostam and other Neolithic sites in the region. Villages become increasingly common during the Early Chalcolithic, reaching a high point during the Middle Chalcolithic. Especially exciting is evidence of "colonies" on one of the major routes through the mountains with ties to communities from the Central Plateau and the Khuzistan lowlands (specifically Sharak and S 17). Much less common is Iron Age material, although the cache from Gandomkar is especially exciting.

Tell Beydar Project
Excavations undertaken from 1992 by an European mission and since 1994 by a joint Syrian and European mission at Tell Beydar, 35 km north of Hassake in the Syrian Djezireh, have revealed susbstantial official architecture from the Early Dynastic III period, dating from the 25th and 24 th centuries BC. 165 cuneiform tablets, dated around 2400 BC, were found from 1993 in several areas (Private houses, Palace area). They bring new information about Upper Mesopotamian Bronze Age Civilization.

The British Museum - Department of Western Asiatic Antiquities

British School of Archaeology in Iraq
Principally funded by the British Academy, the aim of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem is to provide a centre for the study of all aspects of the archaeology, history and culture of the Levant from the earliest times and to encourage research in these subjects.

British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem

The Brooklyn Museum: Egyptian, Classical, and Ancient Middle Eastern Art

The Canadian Society for Mesopotamian Studies
The purpose of the Society is to stimulate interest among the general public in the culture, history, and archaeology of Mesopotamia. The Society was founded in 1980 and is a chartered non-profit organization with no political or ideological affiliations or functions.

Carsten Niebuhr Instituttet

Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA)
The Less Commonly Taught Languages (LCTL) Project.

The Chicago Assyrian Dictionary Project
The Chicago Assyrian Dictionary, initiated in 1921 by James Henry Breasted, is compiling a comprehensive dictionary of the various dialects of Akkadian, the earliest known Semitic language that was recorded on cuneiform texts that date from c. 2400 B.C. to A.D. 100 which were recovered from archaeological excavations of ancient Near Eastern sites. The Assyrian Dictionary is in every sense a joint undertaking of resident and non-resident scholars from around the world who have contributed their time and labor over a period of seventy years to the collection of the source materials and to the publication of the Dictionary.

The Chicago Hittite Dictionary Project
The Chicago Hittite Dictionary Project (CHD) was officially started in 1975 with the awarding of an NEH grant to Harry A. Hoffner and Hans G. Güterbock, the editors. It was conceived in answer to a recognized need for a Hittite-English lexical tool, a concordance for lexicographical research for all parts of the corpus of Hittite texts.

Tell Chuera
The Site and the Excavation Areas

Colby College Research Projects in Israel
Archaeology at Colby College draws together faculty and students from the Departments of Religious Studies, Anthropology, Classics, and Geology in an interdisciplinary collaboration which has proved to be both stimulating and rewarding.

Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit
The exhibition Scrolls From the Dead Sea: The Ancient Library of Qumran and Modern Scholarship brings before the American people a selection from the scrolls which have been the subject of intense public interest. Over the years questions have been raised about the scrolls' authenticity, about the people who hid them away, about the period in which they lived, about the secrets the scrolls reveal, and about the intentions of the scrolls' custodians in restricting access. The Library's exhibition describes the historical context of the scrolls and the Qumran community from whence they may have originated; it also relates the story of their discovery 2,000 years later. In addition, the exhibition encourages a better understanding of the challenge s and complexities connected with scroll research.

Deh Luran Archaeological Project
A slide show of images from the project.

Deutsches Archäologisches Institut

Djoser Complex
The Step Pyramid Complex of Djoser (also spelled Zozer) was built during the Third Dynasty (ca. 2800 B.C.) in what is now Saqqara, Egypt. Djoser's Step Pyramid is generally considered the first tomb in Egypt to be built entirely of stone.

Tel Dor Archaeological Expediton
UC Berkeley - Santa Barbara

The Edinburgh Ras Shamra Project
The project is based in the Hebrew and Old Testament Department, New College, at the University of Edinburgh. Provided are digital images of some of the texts written in the alphabetic cuneiform script developed at the ancient city of Ugarit, as well information on matters Ugaritic in general.

Egyptology
Egyptology Resources was set up in 1994, and was the first web page set up specifically for the benefit of those interested in Egyptology, whether laymen or professionals.

El Ahawat Excavation A
'Sea Peoples' Fortified Site in Israel. The site of el-Ahwat is located on a high hill some 18 km. east of the mediterranean coast. It overlooks broad view of western Israel, from the Carmel mountains to the Samarian hills. The 7.5 ha. place is surrounded by a 600 m long city-wall designed in ‘wavy’ lines, with no parallels in the eastern mediterranean. Unparalleled also are the city-gate, the strange ‘corridors’ in the city-wall and the ‘tholoi’ (round stone huts roofed by the corbelled dome method).

Emar - Margueron, Jean-Claude: Emar, Capital of Astata in the Fourteenth Century bce. (Biblical Archaeologist, Volume
58, Number 3, September 1995).

European Centre for Upper Mesopotamian Studies - (ECUMS)
ECUMS  was created in 1994 in order to promote interdisciplinary Upper Mesopotamian Studies, to develop European and Euro-Syrian collaboration in this field, to establish and to coordinate stable scientifical links between the European universities presently Partners of ECUMS.

Franciscan Archaeological Institute, Jordan

Greg Reeder`s Egyptology Page
This page is dedicated to examining the art, archaeology, religion and history of Egypt.

Tel Hazor Excavations - Israel
Hazor was an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city located in the north of modern day Israel. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed how important this city was in antiquity. This site provides information about Tel Hazor and information for prospective volunteers.

Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology
The Institute of Egyptian Art & Archaeology, founded in 1984, is a component of the Department of Art of The University of Memphis, in Memphis, Tennessee (USA), and is a Tennessee Center of Excellence. It is dedicated to the study of the art and culture of ancient Egypt through teaching, research, exhibition, and community education. As part of its teaching and research, the Institute conducts an epigraphic survey in the Great Hypostyle Hall of Karnak Temple in Luxor, Egypt.

Iraq-L (discussion list about Iraq) - List Archive

Jerablus-Tahtani Project, Syria
Principle aims: investigation of the precocious expansion of the world's earliest known literate civilisation, the Uruk of South Mesopotamia c. 3500 BC, and secondary state formation in the Early Bronze Age of Syria. Both topics are currently the subject of international scholarly debate and research. While there are initial studies of the phenomenon of state formation in other regions of Syria, in the Jezira and at the cities of Ebla and Mari, the Tishreen zone of the Euphrates has not been investigated with this purpose in mind. The zone has different environmental constraints and it lies on a major riverine communication route between the resource-rich highlands and the consumer centres of the Near Eastern lowlands. In their Carchemish excavations at the beginning of the 20th century, Woolley and Lawrence demonstrated that this area was far richer in metals than the Jezira and possibly even Ebla during the Early Bronze Age, hence state development may have occurred for other reasons here, primarily because of long-distance trade and wealth finance.

Journal of the American Oriental Society

Journal of Cuneiform Studies [JCS]

Judaism and Jewish Resources
The Internet is rich with Jewish resources. This page shows you the gates to these resources, so that you may go in and explore.

KMT: A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt

Landscape Studies In Upper Mesopotamia
During the past twenty years both The Oriental Institute and Tony Wilkinson, the Institute's geomorphologist, have undertaken a number of projects within the Jazira of Syria, Turkey and Iraq. In order to provide a broader framework for future work, three major regional study areas are being proposed based on this previous work, geographical representativeness and suitable, and available area coverage (preferably aerial photographs, secondarily good maps). An overall geographical framework can be provided by either LANDSAT or SPOT images used in conjunction with GIS reference systems. Three Main Study Areas:
1.Western Jazira, Syria 2.Iraqi North Jazira 3.Turkish Hilly Flanks

Library of Congress Vatican Exhibit "Orient to Rome"

The Marki Project, A Prehistoric Bronze Age town in Cyprus

Tell Mashnaqa
Tell Mashnaqa is located at the Khabur, a tributary river to the Euphrates, about 30 kilometers south of Hassake in northeastern Syria. It is of moderarte size covering less than four hectares. To the west the mound rises to a height of more than 11 meters forming a so-called High Mound. The eastern part of the tell is a low and a flat mound, rising four meters above plain level.

Tell Melebiya, Syria
Space Speaks Volumes: Quantifying Spatial Characteristics of 3rd-Millennium B.C. Houses at Tell Melebiya, Syria

Metropolitan Museum of Art Museum of Art - Ancient Near Eastern Art

Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia

Musee du Louvre - Department of Oriental Antiquities

The Netherlands Institute for the Near East (NINO)
The Institute is located in Leiden, traditionally an important centre of Oriental studies in the Netherlands. Founded in 1939, the NINO has been publishing journals, monographs and other books dealing with the Near East ever since. It houses an extensive library and is host to the departments of Assyriology and Egyptology of Leiden University. In addition, it carries out research programmes in various branches of Near East studies.

Nineveh - Russell, John Malcolm: Stolen Stones: The Modern Sack Of Nineveh. (Archaeology Online)

The Nippur Expedition
In the desert a hundred miles south of Baghdad, Iraq, lies a great mound of man-made debris sixty feet high and almost a mile across. This is Nippur, for thousands of years the religious center of Mesopotamia, where Enlil, the supreme god of the Sumerian pantheon, created mankind.

Oman Archaeology Network
Archaeological information on Oman.

Orient Express: Notes et Nouvelles d'Archéologie Orientale

Oriental Institute - Chicago

Oriental Institute - Virtual Museum

The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary

The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia Project
The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia is an international research project founded in 1978. The project is based at the Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations of the University of Toronto and is funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the University of Toronto.

The Royal Ontario Museum

Tell Sabi Abyad (Syria)
Excavations in the burnt village. Since the spring of 1986 the site of Tell Sabi Abyad ('Mound of the White Boy') has been the focal point of a regional research project of survey and excavation in the Balikh basin of northern Syria. The site measures over 4 ha at its base and it rises about 10 metres above the surrounding plain. The tell is situated within a hitherto archaeologically poorly understood region of Syria, close to the Syro-Turkish border.

Scriptorium: Center For Christian Antiquities
The Scriptorium: Center for Christian Antiquities is a non-sectarian research center working in conjunction with The Van Kampen Foundation which serves as the repository for The Van Kampen Collection of ancient artifacts, manuscripts, and rare printed materials. The collection consists primarily of biblical texts in all representative forms and is supplemented by secondary resources and the personal library of Eberhard Nestle, a leading nineteenth-century German biblical scholar.

Second Temple Synagogues
This site is devoted to the study of Second Temple Synagogues--that is, synagogues which existed prior to the Temple's destruction in 70 CE.

State Archives of Assyria The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project

The Sumerian Lexicon Project

The Sumerian Text Archive
The Sumerian Text Archive offers a growing collection of transliterated Sumerian texts. These texts have been transliterated using only characters from the ASCII alphabet so that the text files can be used on every type of computer. As a result, however, the transliterations deviate in a number of ways from what is common practice in Sumerology.

Tell Tuneinir, Syria
Michael Fuller and Neathery Fuller, St. Louis Community College (SLCC) report on the 1987-1997 campaigns at Tell Tuneinir, Syria. Rescue excavations have been conducted in ten different areas of the site. Research objectives include the definition of the city's Islamic Period commercial structures, identification of features related to the church and monastery used by a Syriac speaking congregation, and investigation of various pre-Islamic strata.

UCSD Summer Session: Archaeological Field Schools in the Middle East

University of New England (Australia): Museum of Antiquities - South West Asia

University of Calgary, Current Research in the Near East

The Yale Babylonian Collection

Ziggourat Communications


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  Last Updated: March 18, 1998. archonnet@hotmail.com.