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Underwater Archaeology

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Archeologia Subacquea e Speleologia Subacquea - ASSONET

L'Archéologie sous les mers

The Athenian Trireme Olympias
The Trireme Trust was formed in 1982 by Frank Welsh, John Morrison and John Coates with the following aims: To resolve a long-standing controversy about the design of this historically important type of ship, to discover its true performance at sea, to enable the realities of sea power at that time to be understood, to draw attention to the maritime and technical skills which were the keys to the cultural achievements and lasting influence of ancient Athens.

Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology (AIMA)
The Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology is an organisation dedicated to the promotion of maritime archaeology. Its objectives are to support and undertake scientific research in the field of maritime archaeology and to publish the results of this work.

Coastal Maritime Archaeology Resources (CMAR)
Coastal Maritime Archaeology Resources (CMAR) is a non profit volunteer organization supporting marine archaeology projects primarily in California's Channel Islands National Park and the encompassing National Marine Sanctuary. CMAR was founded in September of 1993 in cooperation with the National Park Service and with the support of the Los Angeles Maritime Museum.

Combined Caesarea Excavations
The Combined Caesarea Expeditions (CCE) is an amphibious project which joins excavations in the terrestrial remains of ancient Caesarea with investigations in the ancient harbor of the site. During the 1998 season, some CCE archaeologists will study submerged areas of the ancient harbor, while others will work on land, continuing exploration of King Herod's temple to Roma and Augustus which was discovered during the 1995 season. Still others will work on a dwelling quarter thought to date from King Herod's time, perhaps the home of Caesarea's earliest Jewish and Christian communities.

Dhows of Oman -  Western Australia Maritime Museum
Coast of Oman Along the 1,700 kilometer-coastline of the Sultanate of Oman, wooden boats, or dhows, stand as testament to one of history's greatest sea-going peoples. Like beached whales, some slowly succumb to time and nature. Others line up neatly, facing the clear blue waters of the Indian Ocean, waiting for owners to drag them seaward, just as the ancient Magan sailors did 4,000 years ago. Each wooden hull smells faintly of fish oil and shines like a well-preserved antique. You can barely feel the joints between the meticulously crafted planks, whose ends are secured by date-palm fiber rope. Craft like these ancient boats carried Magan traders, mentioned in Sumerian and Akkadian inscriptions, throughout the Gulf and Western Indian Ocean. By the Middle Ages, Omani traders hauled boatloads of porcelain, jewels, silks, dates, horses, myrrh, frankincense and ivory among Zanzibar, India, Egypt, and China.

East Carolina University in Greenville, North Carolina, Maritime History and Nautical Archaeology

Florida State University, Underwater Archaeology Projects
The Florida State University has been actively conducting underwater archaeological fieldwork since the late 1950's, longer than any other academic institution. Florida State University faculty, staff, and students have implemented hundreds of archaeological projects, ranging in scope from remote sensing surveys and non-intrusive mapping investigations to full scale excavations. Over the years, an incredibly wide range of sites have been investigated, including prehistoric settlements and cemeteries, colonial British, French, and Spanish shipwrecks and submerged fortifications, and Civil War era blockade runners and ironclads.

Grupo Arqueologia Subaquática, Portugal

Guide to Graduate Programs in Historical and Underwater Archaeology

A guide to Maritime History on the Internet

INA - Institute of Nautical Archaeology - Texas A&M
The Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA) was founded in 1972 (originally as the American Institute of Nautical Archaeology) by Texas A&M University , with which it is affiliated. INA also maintains a year-round administrative/research center in Bodrum, Turkey and is affiliated there with the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology. This facility includes dormitory and office space on land owned by INA, and a conservation/research lab inside the Museum. The Institute also owns and operates a 20-meter research vessel, the Virazon , in Turkey. In the last two years, a branch office has been established in Egypt, and plans are under way to develop a full-time presence in Israel.

Interactive Marine Observations
Get the weather and sea state data being reported by automated marine stations.

Nordic Underwater Archaeology. The Baltic sea, in Northern Europe, is a cold brackish sea where wood is preserved for centuries. Many sunken ships still wait to be discovered. This site is mainly for Northern Europe.

The Maritime History Virtual Archives

The Mary Rose Virtual Maritime Museum
The Mary Rose is the only 16th century warship on display anywhere in the world. Built between 1509 and 1511, she was one of the first ships able to fire a broadside, and was a firm favourite of King Henry VIII. After a long and successful career, she sank accidentally during an engagement with the French fleet in 1545. Her rediscovery and raising were seminal events in the history of nautical archaeology.

The Mediterranean Oceanic Database
The main objectives of MODB is to deliver advanced data products for oceanographic research in the Mediterranean Sea. Software products for data analysis and visualization are also prepared for distribution within the scientific community.

Minnesota's Historic Shipwrecks
The cold fresh water of Minnesota’s lakes and rivers have preserved an important part of our history - in shipwrecks! Each one is a unique and integral part of the fabric of America's maritime heritage. Together, they provide physical contact with and offer an exciting opportunity to explore the past. Because they represent a valuable but finite and nonrenewable resource, we must provide for their protection and preservation. If we don't, the first generation to have ready access to shipwrecks will be the last to enjoy them.

National Parks Services, The Submerged Cultural Resources Unit
With increasing awareness of America's underwater cultural resources, employees of the U. S. National Park Service began in the 1960's to investigate shipwrecks with SCUBA equipment, and to document their locations and condition. This activity accelerated in the 1970's as park managers became increasingly aware of the richness and importance of these submerged resources. In 1980 this effort was formalized within the Submerged Cultural Resources Unit, staffed by professional underwater archaeologists, technicians and other professionals to provide the United States national park system with the necessary expertise.

NOAA, Archaeology and Maritime History
NOAA is committed to the preservation and management of historic and cultural resources within the sanctuaries. The shipwreck remains of the Civil War ironclad USS Monitor were the first designated National Marine Sanctuary in 1972. The Florida Keys, Channel Islands, and proposed Thunder Bay sanctuaries are known to have a proliferation of historic shipwrecks that hold valuable historic information and are popular destinations for many recreational divers. The designation of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary has focused NOAA's attention on the controversial issue of treasure hunting.

Northern Maritime Research (NMR)
(Northern Shipwrecks Database) - Documenting over four centuries of North America's maritime history in the Northern Shipwrecks Database (over 65,000 records).

Rhode Island Marine Archaeology Project
Home page of the Rhode Island Marine Archaeology Project. Since 1991 RIMAP has performed background research, collected historical information and conducted field work on the vessels beneath Rhode Island waters.

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Texas A&M, Program in Nautical Archaeology

UK Diving, The Divers Resource

Underwater Shipwreck State Parks and Historic Sites

University of Bristol - Department of Archaeology, Degree Program in Maritime Archaeology and History
An innovative MA in Maritime Archaeology and History has been established at the Department of Classics and Archaeology, University of Bristol. The programme involves a taught course and a dissertation, and combines academic and professional studies. Practical experience in maritime artifacts, historic boats and ships, and (optionally) underwater archaeology is combined with field trips and field work. Special emphasis is placed on experience in studying and sailing historic vessels. Practical work includes shipwrightry, drawing sites and artefacts, photography, conservation, dendrochronology, and resaerch in archives and specialist libraries.

Surface Interval Diving Company

Three Facets of Maritime Archaeology: Society, Landscape and Critique
An essay from the session 'Theoretical Advances in Maritime Archaeology' at TAG '93 in Durham.

Vasa Museum Stockholm, Sweden
In August 1628 the royal warship Vasa heeled over and sank on her maiden voyage, before leaving Stockholm harbour. The Vasa was the most expensive and perhaps most richly decorated naval vessel that Sweden had ever built. She was the King`s pride and the mightiest naval ship of her time. In 1956 Anders Franzén found the ship and initiated one of Sweden`s largest ever projects of marine archaeology.

The World of the Vikings

Worldwide Sources of Shipwreck Information

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  Last Updated: March 20, 1998.